NIMS Structure

Which NIMS Structure Makes Cooperative Multi-Agency Decisions

This article covers most of the NIMS structural basis and everything you need to know. So, as we proceed you will be learning about NIMS structures, components of NIMS structures, how it works, and perhaps which NIMS structure makes cooperative multi-agency decisions.


What Is A NIMS Structure?

The NIMS structure also stands for National Incident Management System. It was developed by the US government as a way of managing incidents within different organizational levels of state, federal or privately owned businesses.

Any organization in the USA that is looking for Federal Homeland Security grant money will have to show proof that they are NIMS compliant.

NIMS is a system that was developed by the US Department of Homeland Security and then brought to life in the year 2004.

It is important to note that the NIMS was developed by the Secretary of Homeland Security at the request of the President. In short words, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a national framework for incident management.

Components Of NIMS Structures

In the systematic approach of the NIMS to solve related issues, there are six components. These NIMS components include the following;

  • Command and Management
  • Resource management
  • Preparedness
  • Ongoing Management and Maintenance
  • Supporting Technologies
  • Communications and Information Management

How Do NIMS Structures Work?

According to the functionality of the NIMS, all incidents in America start and end locally. However, the NIMS work in a way that they do not take command away from the local and state authorities in America.


All they do is provide a framework that is used to enhance the ability of an organization to respond to responders. The job of the US government here is to provide support when their resources are overwhelmed or suspected to be overwhelmed.

This does not go to say that Federal structures do not respect the sovereignty and responsibilities of tribal, local and state governments while providing support.

In short, they don’t command incident responses, they support affected local, tribal or state governments.

Which NIMS Structure Is Responsible For Multi-Agency Decisions?

The NIMS structure that is responsible for multi-agency decisions is the Multi-agency coordination groups. They are also referred to as the MAC Group.

Most brands and organizations develop a MAC system because they wish to define how they will work to produce results.

Here is a list of the things this NIMS structure brings to the table:

  • A multi-agency coordination group helps to bring to life incident management policies that will help protect the organization. If there is one in place, the job of the MAC group now becomes to support it.
  • They also support the tracking of the resources of the organization.
  • They support the logistics of the company if there are any.
  • They put together and maintain incident-related information within the organization.
  • If there is an intergovernmental issue that is related to incident management, they are the go-to NIMS structure.
  • They dictate the operations related to incident management activities.

Other NIMS structures worth reviewing include; Incident Command System, Emergency Operations Center (EOC), MAC Groups, and Joint Information System (JIS).

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